Prof. Xiaohong W. Gao's Publications



Gao, X., Quan, Y., Prediction of multi-drug resistant TB from CT pulmonary Images based on deep learning techniques, Molecular Pharmaceutics. (IF=4.44),  in press, 2018. .

Gao, X., Quan, Y., Segmentation of brain lesions from CT images based on deep learning techniques, SPIE Medical Imaging,,  Houston, USA, 10-15 February, 2018. .


Gao, X., Quan, Y., Application of Deep Learning Neural Network for Classification of TB lung CT Images based on Patches, CLEF 2017 CEUR Working Notes,  Vol-1866, 2017 (Top 1 in accuracy in TB classificaiton (five classes) competition). .

Gao, X., Hui R., Tian Z., Classification of CT images based on deep learning networks, Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine, 138:49-56, 2017.(IF=2.503) 3D-CT-DATA(106MB) (for research only)

Gao X., Li W., M. Loomes, Wang Li., A fused deep  learning architecture for viewpoint classification of echocardiography, Information Fusion, 36:103-113, 2017, (IF=5.667). Echocardiography-video-DATA(363MB) (for research only)


Gao, X., Loomes M. (2016), A new approach to image enhancement for the visually impaired, Electronic Imaging 2016 (EI2016), February 2016, San Francisco, USA.

Gao, X., R. Hui (2016), A deep learning based approach to classification of CT brain images, IEEE SAI 2016, London, July 13-15, 2016.



Gao X., Y. Wang, Y. Qian, A. Gao, Modelling of chromatic contrast for retrieval of wallpaper images, Color Research and Application, 40(4):361-373, 2015. (PDF) (Data and program code). (IF=0.847)

Gao X, E. Khodamoradi, L. Guo, X. Yang, S. Tang, W. Guo, Y. Wang, Evaluation of Colour Appearances Displaying on Smartphones, AIC2015, pp 539-544, 2015. (PDF)

W. Li, Y. Qian, M. Loomes, X. Gao, The application of KAZE feature to the classification of Echocardiogram videos, MRMD 2015, LNCS 9059, pp.61-72, 2015 (PDF).

Huyck C., Augusto J., Botia J.A. X. Gao, Advancing ambient assisted living with caution, In: Communications in Computer and Information Science (CCIS) 578, 19-32, Springer, 2015



Gao X, Feaure-wise representation for both still and motion 3D medical images, 2014 IEEE Southwest Symposium on Image Analysis and Interpretation (SSIAI), San Diego, USA, 2014, pp. 1-4. (PDF).


Y. Qian, R. Hui, X. Gao, Retrieval of 3D surgical path based on sparse coding for image-guided neurosurgery, Signal Processing, 93(6), pp1673-1683, 2013.  (PDF) (IF=2.06)

Y. Qian, L. Wang, C. Wang, X. Gao, The Synergy of 3D SIFT and Sparse Codes for Classification of Viewpoints from Echocardiogram Videos, in H. Greenspan et al. (Eds.): MCBR-CDS 2012, LNCS 7723, pp. 68–79, Springer, 2013. (PDF)

A. Gao, W. Li, M. Loomes, C. Lin, X. Gao, Cardiac Motion Reconstruction Using LKT Algorithm from 2D and 3D Echocardiography, WorldComp 2013, Las Vegas. USA. (PDF)



Gao X., Y. Qian, MIRAGE: An E-repository of Medical Images for Learning Biomedical Informatics,  eTELEMED 2012 : The Fourth International Conference on eHealth, Telemedicine, and Social Medicine, 2012, pp.209-214.

Gao X., Y. Qian, M. Loomes, R. Comley, B. Barn, A. Chapman, J. Rix,  R. Hui, Z. Tian,  Retrieval of 3D Medical Images via Their Texture Features, International , International Journal On Advances in Software, 2011 no 3&4, 2012.

Gao X., Loomes M., Comley R., (Book Chapter), Bridging the Abridged – the Diffusion of Telemedicine in Europe and China, in Rodrigues, Díez, Sainz eds., Telemedicine and E-Health Services, Policies and Applications: Advancements and Developments, pp 451-495, IGI Global, 2012.

Gao X., Y. Qian, Y. Wang, A. White, Colour based image retrieval with embedded chromatic contrast, IS&T’s 6th European Conference on Colour in Graphics, Imaging (CGIV 2012), May 6-9, 2012, Amsterdam, Netherland.



Gao X.W., The anatomy of Tele-neurosurgery in China, International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications, Volume 2011, Article ID 353405, 2011. DOI:10.1155/2011/353405.

Gao X. W., Y. Qian, R. Hui, The state of the art of medical imaging technology: from creation to archive and back, The Open Medical Informatics Journal, 2011, 5 (Suppl 1) 73-85.

Gao X. W., H. Muller, T. Deserno, Integration of Medical Images in the Digital Hospital, The Open Medical Informatics Journal, 2011, 5 (Suppl 1) 17-18.

Gao X. W., A Collection of benchmark images for traffic sign research, IEEE 17th Internaltional Conference on Digital Signal Processing (DSP 2011), July 6-8, 2011, Corfu, Greece.

Y. Wang, A. White, A. Gao, Gao X. W., Colour Contrast Revisit, AIC 2011, June, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland.

Y. Qian, Gao X. W., M. Loomes, R. Comley, B. Barn, R. Hui, Z. Tian, (best paper award), Content based image retrieval of 3D images, The Third International Conference on eHealth, Telemedicine, and Social  Medicine, eTELEMED 2011, Guadeloupe, France, February, 2011.



Gao, X.W., Y. Qian, M. Loomes, R. Comley, B. Barn, A. Chapman, J. Rix, Texture-based 3D image retrieval for medical applications, IADIS e-Health2010, Freiburg, Germany, 29-31, July 2010.

Gao, X.W., Hassan, M., Application of mesh morphing techniques in modelling 3D objects, CGAT 2010, Singapore, April 6-7, 2010.

S. Anishenko, D. Shaposhnikov, R. Comley, Gao, X.W., A colour based approach for face segmentation from video images under low luminance levels, CGIM 2010, Innsbruck, Austria, February 17-19, 2010.



Gao, X.W., R, Hui, Z. Tian., A, White, A new approach to estimation of non-isotropic scale factors for correction of MR distortions, International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery, 4 (s1): s349-350, 2009.



Gao, X.W., Kunbin Hong, Lubov Podladchikova, Dmitry Shaposhnikov, and Peter Passmore, Colour Appearance Based Approaches for Segmentation of Traffic Signs, EURASIP Journal on Image and Video Processing, vol 2008, Article ID 386705, 2008.

Batty, S., Clark, J., Fryer T., Gao, X.W., Prototype System for Semantic Retrieval of Neurological PET Images, LNCS 4987, pp179-188, 2008.

Gao, X.W., J. Clark, A fast, robust approach to Segmentation of PET brain images, LNCS 4987, pp197-206, 2008.




Gao X.W., S. Anishenko, D. Shaposhnikov, L. Podladchikova, S. Batty, J. Clark, High-precision Detection of Facial Landmarks to Estimate Head Motions Based on Vision Models, Journal of Computer Science, 3(7):528-532, 2007.

Gao, X.W., S. Batty, L. Posladchikova, D. Shaposhnikov, J. Clark, Detection of head motions using a vision model, Proceedings of 3rd IASTED International Conference on Telehealth, Montreal, Canada, pp 167-171, 2007.



Gao X.W., L. Podladchikova, D. Shaposhnikov, Recognition of traffic signs based on their colour and shape features extracted using human vision models, Journal of Visual Communication and Image Representation, 17:675-685, 2006.

Gao, X.W., The State of Art of Medical Displays (plenary speech), EuroPacs, Trodheim, Norway, June 14-16, 2006.

Gao, X.W., Telemedicine in Europe, Proceedings of ChinaPacs, Beijing, China, April 14-16, 2006.



Gao, X.W., Birhane, D., Clark, J., Application of Geodesic Active Contours to the segmentation of lesions of PET(Positron Emission Tomography) Images, Proceedings of International Conference on Medical Imaging and Telemedicine, (ISBN:1-85924-252-9), pp45-50, 2005.

Bstty, S., Gao, X.W., Clark J., Fryer, T., Content-based Retriveal of PET images via Localised Anaotmical texture measurements and mean activity levels, Proceedings of International Conference on Medical Imaging and Telemedicine, (ISBN:1-85924-252-9), pp70-74, 2005.

He, P., Gao, X.W., Colour reproduction for tele-imaging systems, Proceedings of International Conference on Medical Imaging and Telemedicine, (ISBN:1-85924-252-9), pp79-84, 2005.



Gao X.W., Colour Management in Telemedicine, Proceedings of the 7th IASTED International Conference Computer Graphics and Imaging, Hawaii, USA, pp361-364, 2004.



Shaposhnikov D.G., Podladchikova L.N., Gao, X.W., Classification of Images on the Basis of the Properties of Informative Regions, Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis, 13(2): 349-352, 2003.

Gao, X.W., Podladchikova, L.,  Shaposhnikov, D.,  Application of Vision Models for Traffic Sign Recognition,  Lecture Notes in Computer Science (ICANN/ICONIP’2003), 2714, 1100-1105, 2003 (ISBN 3-540-40408-2).

Gao, X.W, .Qian Y., Tully T., Hendon Z., Towards Archiving wallpaper Images, Proceedings of the 7th IASTED International Conference Computer Graphics and Imaging, 305-309, 2003.

Shaposhnikov D.G., Golovan A.V., Podladchikova L.N., Shevtsova N.A., Gao, X.W., Gusakova V.I., Gizatdinova Y.F., Application of the Behavioral Model of Vision for Invariant Recognition of Facial and Traffic Sign Images, Neurocomputers and Their Application, Book 7. Neurocomputers in Image Processing Systems (Eds, Yu.V. Gulaev, A.I Galushkin), Chapter 4.4., Radiothecnics Publishing, Moscow, 126-144, 2003.